Goal 7 - Affordable and Clean EnergyDownload page as PDF
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
“Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential. Transitioning the global economy towards clean and sustainable sources of energy is one of our greatest challenges in the coming decades. Sustainable energy is an opportunity – it transforms lives, economies and the planet.”
OpenStreetMap serves as a key database for understanding global electrification rates on a wide scale through storing information from power grid networks and infrastructure down to information needed to understand individual household and commercial access to electricity. Open mapping of electricity access can help partners and organizations share resources and understanding of where people are accessing electricity, and more importantly, where people do not have access.
What has been done?
Mini Grids (Tanzania): In Tanzania, 80% of the population live in rural areas and only 16% of people have access to electricity. Due to the remote nature of these unelectrified villages, the government of Tanzania aims to target the best areas to build off-grid electrification. To support this goal, HOT completed a large-scale digitization of rural Tanzania using mapping and household surveys, including over four million buildings and 1,300 villages. By collecting this highly detailed data of the settlements, HOT enabled the government and private electricity and renewable energy providers to predict demand and determine where grid and off-grid connections can be made.
What else can be mapped?
- Add infrastructure such as power lines and plants to the map and make it accessible, allowing for accurate assessments of the proportion of population that is connected to the grid.
- Survey households and commercial properties for access to and source of electricity
- Survey structures for roof attributes to determine solar compatibility